A Reflection on the 18th Sunday in Ordinary Time, August 2, 2020
I usually think of myself as Jesus when I read the Gospel: the one who’s always right, who intuitively knows everyone’s motivations, whose righteous anger is always justified.
In this week’s Gospel reading, Jesus is trying to get some time alone:
“…he withdrew in a boat to a deserted place by himself. The crowds heard of this and followed him on foot from their towns.” (Matthew 14:13)
Poor Jesus. The clamoring crowds won’t leave him alone! Poor Jesus. Poor me. Poor Jesus. Poor me.
It wasn’t until Wally and I read through all of the Scriptures for this Sunday that I realized, oh, Charlene, you’ve got it wrong. You are not Jesus. You are not the Eternally Patient One who is thrilled to see people chasing you into your solitude. (Just ask my kids.)
I’m the crowd that seems to ever pester Jesus, audaciously showing up whenever I please with an armful of questions, hurts, and concerns: Jesus, why is this happening? Jesus, what should I do? Jesus, where is the justice? Jesus, my friend needs healing. Jesus, I’m hungry.
While it sounds annoying, we can see repeatedly in this Sunday’s Scriptures that God loves it when we show up unannounced, honest, and empty-handed:
“The Lord is near to all who call upon him, to all who call upon him in truth.” (Psalm 145:18)
“Come to the water! … Come, receive grain and eat… Come, without paying and without cost… Come to me heedfully, listen, that you may have life.” (Isaiah 55:1-3)
Jesus doesn’t want to be left alone. He welcomes our clamoring, reaching, calling out at all hours:
“What will separate us from the love of Christ? Will anguish, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or the sword? …neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor present things, nor future things, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature…” (Romans 8:35-39)
And what does Jesus do for the crowd that chases after him into his solitude?
“…his heart was moved with pity for them, and he cured their sick.” (Matthew 14:14)
Jesus’ disciples suggest he send them away:
“…it is already late; dismiss the crowds…” (Matthew 14:15)
But no, Jesus invites the crowd to stay with him into the night. He tells them to sit down in the grass and get comfortable. Then He miraculously multiplies what little they have—2 loaves and 5 fish—and feeds more than 5,000 people like it’s Thanksgiving dinner.
Whether we’re thirsty, fearful, poor, hopeless, hungry, or dissatisfied—all needs that are mentioned in this Sunday’s readings—may the Responsorial Psalm bring us hope:
“The hand of the Lord feeds us; he answers all our needs.” (Psalm 145:16)
What do you need from Jesus? Chase him into solitude; He welcomes you.
“Come to me heedfully, listen, that you may have life.” (Isaiah 55:3)
Authors: Wally and Charlene Bader
Published: 26 July 2020
Several years back, I was at a tough place in my life even though I was exactly where God was asking me to be. My heart was aching and my body struggling with many health problems; however, God had His plans. He needed to work inside me first. Reflecting on this particular time in my life, I can cherish that He was refining me through the fire of my difficulties and preparing me for a new phase in my life and in my spiritual journey.
In the midst of that part of my journey, I ached for a brighter light to keep my heart from losing hope and feel the embrace of the Lord of my heart. I no longer wanted to focus on the struggle. It was at that time that I came across the book, One Thousand Gifts by Ann Voskamp. In this book, Ann explains how she was challenged to find 1,000 things to be grateful to God for. During this process, Ann explains how she became acutely aware of how God’s gifts were present in even the simplest of things. I am so grateful for the insight of this book as it took me to a new level in my thanksgiving prayers to God as I began my list!
14) God knows that whole story so let Him lead me through it
23) Rays through the clouds shining down
38) Willingness to grow
62) Calling to just open wide and receive
125) God is in the pain
127) Tears of Anguish
150) Pain subsiding
232) Joy slowly filling
416) Patient waiting
442) Time to rejoice
These are just a few of the things in my list of blessings that I compiled during that time years back. I titled my journal “Seeking New Joy in Life Through Gratitude” and I made it to 446 blessings. It has been a few years since I added to my list, but I know it is time for me to resume as I have so many new things now to add!
When should we find things to be thankful for?
Why is it that our human heart focuses on the tough and bad so much longer than on the good? We like to harbor the pain while our celebration of the good is short-lived. Even when the circumstances around us due to the pandemic can leave us thinking what is there to be thankful for…we just need to look a lot harder. He pours out His blessings even more when we suffer! I love the inspiration from the Footprints in the Sand poem that reminds us that during our toughest moments God carries us. Now that is something to be thankful for!
When things are going well, some of us find it easy to feel the joy of gratitude and easily express it God. For others when life is good, we are “fine on our own without God’s help” (or so we think!) During the good times, we are walking together hand in hand with God so we should be filled with thankfulness.
It is this constant presence of God in our highs and lows that moves our hearts to gratitude and a desire to express our thanksgiving daily to Him.
What does this have to do with thanksgiving as a type of prayer?
As people praying daily and seeking to be close to God, we must take time, no matter what the season in our life is to recognize all that God has done for us! When we pray prayers of thanksgiving, we seek to honor the abundant gifts God gives to us each day! Thanksgiving brings greater joy and peace as we realize God is in control. Thanksgiving is more than a one-day feast in November; it’s a daily action of our heart to turn towards God who constantly cares for us.
There are so many ways to increase our way of saying thank you to God in our prayer time with Him. Here are just a few ways to consider:
- If you feel called to start your own 1000 gifts journal it is certainly an eye-opening opportunity to see God’s touch throughout your day. Allow that list to lead you to prayers filled with gratitude.
- Offer thanksgiving throughout your day with simple prayers like -Thanks be to God!
- Allow your daily prayer time to be an opportunity to recall a few of the gifts of God in your day.
- At the dinner table and during the blessing of the meal, allow family members to each offer a simple “Thank you God for…!”
- Remember that every time we attend Mass, we are participating in Thanksgiving prayer. We should offer up our grateful hearts to Him who unites Himself with us through the Eucharist.
“Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. In all circumstances give thanks, for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus” (1 Thessalonians. 5:16–18)
Author: Laura Stephens, FF Homeschool Coordinator
Published: 24 July 2020
“Being Holy is not a privilege for the few, as if someone had a large inheritance; in baptism we all have an inheritance to be able to become saints. Holiness is a vocation for everyone. Thus we are all called to walk in the path of holiness, and this path has a name and a face: the face of Jesus Christ. He teaches us to become saints.” Pope Francis – Angelus, November 1, 20131
Holiness is not about what we can do; it’s about what God can do through us. Turn to the face of Jesus. He wants to give you the mercy and grace to become a saint. Trust him and not yourself.
1 Cotter. K. (Ed.).(2014) A year of mercy with Pope Francis: daily reflections–July 20. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, Our Sunday Viisitor, Inc.
Author: Father Philip Wilhite, Pastor, Sacred Heart Catholic Church, and School
Published: 21 July 2020
A Reflection for the Seventeenth Sunday in Ordinary Time
Sunday, July 26, 2020
Reading 1: 1 KGS 3:5, 7-12
Responsorial Psalm: PS 119:57, 72, 76-77, 127-128, 129-130
Reading 2: ROM 8:28-30
Gospel: MT 13:44-52 OR 13:44-46
Listening is an important skill we sometimes have to learn to communicate effectively in a relationship. When we speak, we all want to be acknowledged and heard; however, without active-listening, we’re only half in a conversation—this applies to our prayer life as well.
In the first reading, we find Solomon—a young boy—praying to God and asking for an understanding heart to guide his people. He refers to himself as a “mere youth,” which in Hebrew is Na’ar denotes a young adult who lacks experience. Solomon speaks from his heart—his true self—a place of humility, acknowledging his lack of self-confidence. We know Solomon has an open heart, and he is listening as written in 1 Samuel, “Speak Lord your servant is listening.” (1 Samuel 3:9)
Prayer involves both speaking and listening. When we pray, do we listen as Solomon did, or do we do all the talking? How well do we listen, not with ears, but with our hearts? Listening to understand is a theme we also heard in the readings a few weeks ago as Jesus explains why he speaks in parables, “they look but do not see, and hear but do not listen or understand.” (Matthew 13:1-23)
The Catechism of the Catholic Church describes the different ways to pray, including vocal, meditation, Lectio Divina, and contemplative prayer. Here are a few passages on the listening prayers:
Meditation- In meditation, “The mind seeks to understand the why and how of the Christian life, in order to adhere and respond to what the Lord is asking.”  “Christians owe it to themselves to develop the desire to meditate regularly lest they come to resemble the three first kinds of soil in the parable of the sower.” 
Lectio Divina – “Christian prayer tries above all to meditate on the mysteries of Christ, as in Lectio Divina or the rosary. This form of prayerful reflection is of great value, but Christian prayer should go further: to the knowledge of the love of the Lord Jesus, to union with him.” 
Contemplative Prayer “is the pure expression of the mystery of prayer. It is a gaze of faith fixed on Jesus, an attentiveness to the Word of God, a silent love. It achieves real union with the prayer of Christ to the extent that it makes us share in his mystery.“
Our prayer lives shouldn’t be stagnant but rather an ongoing journey into an intimate relationship with God. God wants to speak to us. Contemplation is for those who want to spend time with God—listening to him and loving him. Contemplative prayer speaks to the heart in the quiet stillness of silence. St Teresa of Avila said contemplative prayer seeks him “whom my soul loves.” 
Some people find it challenging to sit and do nothing—to rest in God, but to hear; we must let go of everything else and sit in sacred silence. I was introduced to contemplative prayer years ago on several silent retreats and seminars. James Finley—a former monk and seminarian under Thomas Merton—said, “It is when prayer becomes The one thing necessary: that real prayer begins.” “Prayer begins to take on its full dimension only when we begin to intuit that the subtle nothingness of prayer is everything.” 1
“Silence has to come first.” — St. Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Sometimes shaking up our daily prayer routine can be the catalyst for spiritual growth. A silent weekend retreat opened the door of my heart to contemplative prayer and began a journey into a deeper prayer life. Thomas Merton wrote, “To pray is to find the place in you where you are here now being created by God.”2
Through this intimate experience of grace, God can transform our minds and hearts. Our prayer lives should lead us closer to God, and all of creation—drawing us nearer to each other in an inseparable bond of Christian love and charity.
In this weekend’s Gospel, we hear in Jesus’ parable, “Like a treasure buried in a field which a person finds and hides again,….” And, “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant searching for fine pearls. When he finds a pearl of great price, he goes and sells all that he has and buys it.” I can’t help but think contemplative prayer is this great gift, this hidden treasure—the “pearl of greatest price”.
On one of my silent retreats, James Finley had us begin each of our sessions with the following prayer to enter into the silence—to quieting thoughts and focusing our entire being on God. Today, I still use this prayer to tap on the door of God’s silent vastness.
Be still and know that I am God.
Be still and know that I am.
Be still and know.
1 Finley, J. (1978). Merton’s palace of nowhere: A search for God through awareness of the True Self. Notre Dame, IN: Ave Maria Press,
2 Merton, T. (1972). New seeds of contemplation: New York, NY: New Directions Publishing Corporation
Author: Nancy Parsons, graphic designer, and artist
Published: 19 July 2020
As we spend more time with the ones we love, we have an even greater need to say these three very important words- “I am sorry!”
Let us make special notice that how we say sorry makes a world of difference depending on where the words are coming from…
Only our mouth: “Sorry!” uttered after taking and refusing to give back a toy or a nasty comment spoken without any feelings of sorrow. – Meaningless!
Merely our mind: “I am sorry for…. but I had a good reason because you…!” – Missed the mark of sorrow with the important “but” thrown in exempting need for real sorrow of the one asking!
Our deeply contrite heart: “I am really sorry that I caused you the pain I did with my choice to not love….” – Allows healing and forgiveness to begin!
Love for another drives our hearts to strive to be the best of ourselves and to find ways to make amends when we do not choose love. These words have the power to heal and to change when said with sincerity and true contrition (or sorrow for our sins). Contrition can only come from a humble realization of our failings and a longing to become more like our perfect God.
As we continue to focus on prayer during this Friday blog, let us consider contrition as another important type of communicating with God.
The first step must be to be honest before God and with ourselves of our failure to love. When we refuse to see our sins as an attack on our relationship with God and with each other, we cannot comprehend the need for true contrition; and therefore, we are not truly seeking communion with God in prayer.
“Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience; it is failure in genuine love for God and neighbor caused by a perverse attachment to certain goods. It wounds the nature of man and injures human solidarity. It has been defined as ‘an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law.’ Sin is an offense against God: ‘Against you, you alone, have I sinned, and done that which is evil in your sight.’ Sin sets itself against God’s love for us and turns our hearts away from it.” (CCC 1849-1850)
To sum it up, sin is any choice that disobeys God’s law and hurts our relationship with Him. Sin is not a buffet table where we can choice what is called sin and what is okay because it is currently socially acceptable.
The second step must happen during our daily prayer time with God asking Him to open our eyes to our failures. As we begin to see our sinful choices more clearly, we acknowledge that we chose ourselves and our wants over Him.
The next step is to experience contrition within our hearts as we long to have nothing in the way of our union with Him. Every day, we should take time at the end of our day to reflect on the choices we made that pulled us further away from our God who is Love. A daily examination of conscience is a practice that many of the saints did to keep them on the path to holiness. There are a multitude of daily choices that we make that can lead us away from the path to Heaven or keep us clearly on it. Two methods to examine our conscience are to consider how we failed to obey the 10 Commandments or how we failed to love as stated in 1 Corinthians 13: 4-7, 13.
When our heart is filled with repentance, we can ask God to forgive all our sins. A great place to read a prayer of contrition is to read Psalm 51. It shows a heart ready for a change because of a deep sorrow within.
As the story of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32) reminds us, our Heavenly Father is waiting for us to turn around and repent. He knows our failures, but He rejoices even more in our repentance.
The last essential step of contrition is to be open to saying “I am sorry” from the depth of our heart daily. After we have humbly reflected on our sins and wrong choices for the day, we should pray the Act of Contrition, which is a prayer of sorrow. It is the official prayer for the Sacrament of Reconciliation where we ask for forgiveness of our sins.
Praying the Act of Contrition daily allows our heart to be more ready for the Sacrament of forgiveness. It also enables us to be more in tune to our need for this incredible gift that Jesus gave to His Church to forgive sins. If we say the Act of Contrition every day, we will know it perfectly for our next Reconciliation where we receive absolution from the sins that we have daily reflected on and sought forgiveness from. It is also great to pray together with your family, too, as our witness of seeking forgiveness speaks volumes to our children. This need for contrition in our prayer is shown even in the Mass during the Penitential Rite and Confiteor which we pray before we listen to the Word of God and receive Christ in Holy Communion.
These words of “I am sorry” are not uttered nearly enough in families, communities, and society. In our times when sin abounds around us, let us seek daily a time of contrition before God so that we can receive a clean heart that is united with Him. May each one of us become a source of true contrition and forgiveness starting in our daily time with God! It is only through each individual’s change of heart that our world can change for the better.
CCC 1849-1850. Catechism of the Catholic Church. Retrieved from https://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p3s1c1a8.htm
Author: Laura Stephens, FF Homeschool Coordinator
Published: 17 July 2020
A Reflection on Sunday’s Readings July 19, 2020
Over the past several weeks we have followed Matthews’s Gospel as he shares the scenes, stories, and teachings of Jesus, both in the daily readings and our weekend liturgies. On this Sixteenth Sunday of Ordinary Time, we are presented with the continuation of chapter 13 from the previous Sunday Gospel. We once again join the crowds by the sea sitting around Jesus as he teaches in parables.
Jesus proposes another parable, saying: “The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a man who sowed good seed in his field. While everyone was asleep his enemy came and sowed weeds all through the wheat, and then went off. When the crop grew and bore fruit, the weeds appeared as well.” —Matthew 13:24-26
This brings to mind individuals that pose the question “why do bad things happen to good people?” Well, this parable might help to reconcile this issue of evil existing among us. Here Jesus is trying to enlighten us to the fact that though we might work hard and put much interest in sowing good seeds, there are in fact forces of evil that work against us, yes the evil one is in our midst!
Just as Jesus has sown the good seed of His Word and watered it with the outpouring of His own precious blood, the evil one, the devil, has also been at work trying to undermine all of the efforts of our Lord. But as we center on the truth, we see that the Divine Sower, Jesus, does not allow the evil one to steal His peace. Instead, He has allowed the actions of the evil one to remain for now. But in the end, Jesus states that evil and all the works of evil will be destroyed and burned in the unquenchable fire.
This parable is as true now for us as it was at the time Jesus told it because we see that Jesus does not root out all evil in our world, although it is within His power. Jesus refrains so that the good fruit of the Kingdom will not be negatively affected. In other words, this parable reveals to us the interesting truth that there are “weeds” all around us, that is, evil is alive within our world. It is up to us to ensure that it does not affect our growth in virtue and entrance into the Kingdom of God. The reality is we may have to endure evil on a daily basis and find ourselves completely surrounded by it at times, but our Lord’s willingness to allow evil for now is a clear sign that He absolutely knows it cannot affect our growth in virtue if we do not let it.
It is our responsibility to reflect upon the “weeds” around us, the evil in the world. It is essential that we be able to recognize and name evil for what it is. If we stand in the truth of Jesus evil cannot ultimately affect us. It might cause great pain, we may even feel crucified at times, but despite the malicious attacks of the evil one, he will ultimately be defeated.
Today, we must reflect and meditate upon the hope that this truth brings, reconcile ourselves to the knowledge that we live with evil, but we must not accept evil and we are to renew our trust in the power and love of God.
Prayers asking for the intercession of Saint Michael the Archangel as we face and defend ourselves against the “weeds” that surround us….
St. Michael the Archangel defend us in battle.
Be our defense against the wickedness and snares of the Devil.
May God rebuke him, we humbly pray, and do thou,
O Prince of the heavenly hosts, by the power of God,
thrust into hell Satan, and all the evil spirits,
who prowl about the world seeking the ruin of souls.
O glorious prince St. Michael, chief and commander of the heavenly hosts,
guardian of souls, vanquisher of rebel spirits,
servant in the house of the Divine King and our admirable conductor,
you who shine with excellence and superhuman virtue deliver us from all evil,
who turn to you with confidence and enable us by your gracious protection
to serve God more and more faithfully every day.
Author: Deacon Jeff Borski, Sacred Heart Catholic Church
Published: 12 July 2020
In Communication with God: A Catholic Family’s Devotion to Prayer
Growing up in Catholic households and communities, prayer surrounded our lives before we were even old enough to thoroughly understand its power and meaning. We were taught at a young age to pray; however, it was not until adulthood that we had to examine the importance of prayer in our lives as our young children inevitably threw questions at us for which we were not prepared. And so in an effort to answer their questions, we had to come to a deeper understanding of our faith: why is prayer important?
The Catechism of the Catholic Church quotes St. John Damascus on defining prayer as “the raising of one’s mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from God” (CCC 2559). Prayer is our primary communication with God, and in that communication, we cultivate our relationship with Him. Through prayer, we create a life-giving connection that energizes and invigorates all other facets of our faith as we seek Him out.
As we grew our Catholic family, we were faced with the monumental task of passing on this life-giving connection to our children. We started small, not wanting to overwhelm our young family with a lofty commitment; rather, we wanted to start a habit of incorporating prayer. This year, we set a Lenten goal of saying one decade of the Rosary before bedtime—one “Our Father,” ten “Hail Marys,” and one “Glory Be.” This Lenten goal was a gift to us, bringing forth fruits in our family we couldn’t have imagined. Our children learned their prayers, began talking to God, truly conversing with Him as if He was right there in the room. God’s presence was tangible when we prayed together as a family, and when Lent was over, we didn’t stop praying. In the joys of Easter, we committed to praying the rosary every night and have continued since. As St. Padre Pio famously said, “the rosary is the weapon for these times.” We firmly believe that the power of prayer has transformed our family during a tumultuous time, keeping us afloat in the storms that have come in one form or another.
While prayer might begin as a spoken entreaty to God, it does not end there. As Jesus described the growth of a mustard seed (Matthew 13:31-32), a devout disciple may grow the smallest spoken prayer into magnificent deeds, actions that touch the lives of family, friends, and neighbors. This is where the true power of prayer becomes manifest. A family in prayer is a family-oriented to God, eager to follow and draw closer, to learn about Him and His ways more intimately, bringing themselves and everyone they touch closer to God. In the words of Mother Teresa, “I used to believe that prayer changes things, but now I know that prayer changes us and we change things.”
This is why prayer matters, why a dialogue with God the Father has significance. It is the answer to the secular disposition that “thoughts and prayers” are useless and of little comfort to the oppressed. While many outside the faith demand action and change through culture or law, it is the faithful, tethered to God in the spiritual nourishment of their connection with Him, who enact a loving commitment to the poor, hungry, sick, and suffering in a manner that can transform their lives. Without God, we are only trusting ourselves, and thus, we are only serving ourselves. It is only through our connection to God by constant and earnest prayer that we may know His will, which is love and mercy itself and carry His divine Love to each of our brothers and sisters.
Our family is deeply tethered to the rosary, a powerful way to communicate to God through his mother, but there are many other ways to pray as well. Some pray using Lectio Divina, or Scripture. Some pray in groups gathered together for a holy purpose. Still, others may prefer a quiet prayer in the morning and/or the evening on their own time. As busy parents, sometimes we offer all we can to the Lord in the moment of what we’re doing. “Come, Holy Spirit” is a prayer often offered in the cracks of our day.
No matter how it is done, the power of prayer cannot be understated or underemphasized, as prayer is a central tenet to our Catholic faith, the ultimate key to healthy communication, and therefore, a relationship with God.
Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) retrieved from https://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p4s1.htm
Authors: Gordon & Theresa Newman, CCE Parents
Published: 10 July 2020
LIFE IN CHRIST
MAN’S VOCATION LIFE IN THE SPIRIT
THE HUMAN COMMUNION
II. CONVERSION AND SOCIETY
1886 Society is essential to the fulfillment of the human vocation. To attain this aim, respect must be accorded to the just hierarchy of values, which “subordinates physical and instinctual dimensions to interior and spiritual ones:”8
Human society must primarily be considered something pertaining to the spiritual. Through it, in the bright light of truth, men should share their knowledge, be able to exercise their rights and fulfill their obligations, be inspired to seek spiritual values; mutually derive genuine pleasure from the beautiful, of whatever order it be; always be readily disposed to pass on to others the best of their own cultural heritage; and eagerly strive to make their own the spiritual achievements of others. These benefits not only influence, but at the same time give aim and scope to all that has bearing on cultural expressions, economic, and social institutions, political movements and forms, laws, and all other structures by which society is outwardly established and constantly developed.9
1887 The inversion of means and ends,10 which results in giving the value of ultimate end to what is only a means for attaining it, or in viewing persons as mere means to that end, engenders unjust structures which “make Christian conduct in keeping with the commandments of the divine Law-giver difficult and almost impossible.”11
1888 It is necessary, then, to appeal to the spiritual and moral capacities of the human person and to the permanent need for his inner conversion, so as to obtain social changes that will really serve him. The acknowledged priority of the conversion of heart in no way eliminates but on the contrary imposes the obligation of bringing the appropriate remedies to institutions and living conditions when they are an inducement to sin, so that they conform to the norms of justice and advance the good rather than hinder it.12
1889 Without the help of grace, men would not know how “to discern the often narrow path between the cowardice which gives in to evil, and the violence which under the illusion of fighting evil only makes it worse.”13 This is the path of charity, that is, of the love of God and of neighbor. Charity is the greatest social commandment. It respects others and their rights. It requires the practice of justice, and it alone makes us capable of it. Charity inspires a life of self-giving: “Whoever seeks to gain his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life will preserve it.”14
What is the interior conversion needed today in the society of our country so that we might respond more in charity to the needs of others in society, especially those who are different from us?
Why do you think the Church describes her path as the narrow way of charity that passes between the cowardice of inaction and the violence of forcing decisions on others?
Today there is much talk about individual rights that even seem to place them above the rights of the society or community. The needs of the society for its development and wellbeing supersede those of the individual. For example, we may speak of an individual’s right to drive because she has her driver’s license. Yet this individual right gives way to respecting society and other drivers on the road, respecting laws meant for the healthy wellbeing of everyone.
Reference: The Catechism of the Catholic Church
Author: Fr. Philip Wilhite, Pastor of Sacred Heart Catholic Church and School
Published: 07 July 2020
All copyrights for this article are reserved to this source