Another 6.6 million people filed new claims for unemployment benefits last week, as new potential hot spots emerged.
More than 6 million Americans filed for unemployment.
The number of virus patients hospitalized in New York grew by its smallest number in weeks, but deaths reached another high.
European officials agreed on more than half a trillion euros in relief for economies ravaged by the virus outbreak.
A ‘black hole’ swallowing jobs and food supplies
The economic toll of the coronavirus outbreak in the U.S. is mounting even faster than the case counts: Another 6.6 million people filed new claims for unemployment benefits last week. That puts the total for the three weeks of widespread shutdowns above 16 million — almost twice the net job losses for the entire 2007-9 recession.
It’s as if “the economy as a whole has fallen into some sudden black hole,” said Kathy Bostjancic, chief U.S. financial economist at Oxford Economics. And there’s no telling yet when it will hit bottom.
Washington’s big stimulus measures have yet to deliver much relief on Main Street, where the pain is already acute, especially among the four in 10 Americans who were living check to check with little or no savings.
To see the evidence, look at the nation’s food banks.
Demand for food assistance is skyrocketing, just when the food banks are coming up short of both provisions and volunteers. Many of the restaurants and other organizations that typically donate food have shut down. Grocery stores have less unsold inventory to give because panic buying has stripped their shelves.
As early hot spots peak, new ones flare
Virus outbreaks in some hard-hit areas may now be passing their crests: Daily reports of new cases in Italy are way down, and the number of patients hospitalized in New York grew by just 1 percent on Thursday.
But in other places, the epidemic is on the upsurge.
The caseload in Pennsylvania has doubled in a week, to 16,000, with 300 deaths. Vice President Mike Pence said on Wednesday that Philadelphia had become “an area of particular concern.”
The virus is tearing across the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the U.S., killing 20 people there so far — compared with 16 in all of New Mexico, with 13 times the population.
The virus is also taking hold in countries where poverty is more widespread than in the European and Asian nations where it struck first. Across Africa, more than 50 countries have now reported a total of 11,424 coronavirus cases and 572 deaths.
Officially, Ecuador has had 272 virus-related deaths through Thursday, but that may be an undercount. An official in Guayaquil said the government had been overwhelmed by the number of people dying there: 1,350 bodies collected from homes since late March, some left on doorsteps wrapped in plastic.
Manufacturers of test kits say they cannot fill orders from Africa or Latin America because the U.S. and Europe are taking almost all they can make.
Curious ripple effects of the pandemic
By profoundly disrupting modern life, the coronavirus is making itself felt in some novel ways.
The seismometers that geologists use to detect earthquakes also pick up the vibrations of human activity — vehicle traffic, construction equipment, heavy machinery and the like. But with billions of people now staying home, the “thumping pulse of civilization is now barely detectable,” Robin George Andrews, a volcanologist, writes.
A University of Chicago professor who developed a way to track electricity use as a measure of economic stability says he has seen a sharp falloff in recent weeks, suggesting an economic decline on a par with the 2007-9 recession, and possibly the Great Depression.
On the other hand, there has been a huge surge in plain old-fashioned phone calls. Voice calling had been dwindling for years, but Verizon says it is now handling twice as many calls on an average weekday as it usually gets on Mother’s Day.
A seven-square-mile patch of Queens has emerged as the “epicenter of the epicenter.” The area, home to many immigrants, has more than 7,200 cases; Manhattan, with nearly three times as many people, has about 10,800 cases.
At least four U.S. aircraft carriers and France’s carrier now have confirmed or suspected cases among their crews. On the hardest hit so far, the U.S.S. Theodore Roosevelt, at least 286 sailors have tested positive, and one went into intensive care Thursday.
India has 178 deaths and around 6,000 confirmed cases as of Thursday. That’s not very many in a nation of more than one billion people, many of whom live in dense slums; experts warn that a wider outbreak there could be calamitous.
What you can do
Get some sleep. Rest can boost your immune system and is one of the most effective ways to prepare your body to fight infection. We have some advice for how to sleep better.
Don’t intentionally infect yourself. Seriously. In light of rumblings about “coronavirus parties” where people try to catch the virus on purpose, hoping to become immune, an epidemiologist explains why that is a terrible idea.
Make a plan for the kids. What will happen if parents of young children catch the virus? Here’s how to ensure that everyone stays safe and cared for.
‘The America We Need’
The Times’s Opinion desk, which operates independently from our newsroom, has started a new series exploring how the United States can emerge from the pandemic stronger, fairer and more free.
“The crucible of a crisis provides the opportunity to forge a better society, but the crisis itself does not do the work,” the Editorial Board writes in an introductory essay. “Crises expose problems, but they do not supply alternatives, let alone political will. Change requires ideas and leadership.”
What else we’re following
While U.S. policy was focused on warding off contagion from China, the virus was quietly reaching New York mainly from Europe, geneticists say.
Public health officials are worried about what the virus may do to the American South, where people tend to be poorer and in worse health than the national average and have less access to insurance and health care — and where many governors have been slow to respond to the pandemic.
The police in Elizabeth, N.J., have deployed drones to enforce social distancing: They hover over people standing too close together and play a scolding message recorded by the mayor.
“I keep having people say, ‘Gee, it’s like we’re living in a Stephen King story,’” says Stephen King. “And my only response to that is, ‘I’m sorry.’”
Hundreds of idled Amish seamstresses and craftsmen in Ohio pivoted overnight to making thousands of face masks, shields and protective garments for local hospitals.
All those old-fashioned things your parents knew how to do but you never learned — sewing, baking, fixing a faucet, cutting hair — suddenly look like handy skills for sheltering at home, The Associated Press notes.
What you’re doing
My daughter, her husband and my 5-year-old granddaughter live 600 miles away. My daughter is trying to work from home, but the kid is bored. I emailed her a “scavenger hunt” that my granddaughter can do, including things like, “something round, something yucky, something shaped like a star, something that starts with a ‘P.’” It encourages her to read and to be creative, and gives Mom a few uninterrupted minutes.
— Kathleen Chapman, Powder Springs, Ga.
Let us know how you’re dealing with the outbreak. Send us a response here, and we may feature it in an upcoming newsletter.
Jonathan Wolfe and Tom Wright-Piersanti contributed to today’s newsletter.
Updated April 11, 2020
When will this end?
This is a difficult question, because a lot depends on how well the virus is contained. A better question might be: “How will we know when to reopen the country?” In an American Enterprise Institute report, Scott Gottlieb, Caitlin Rivers, Mark B. McClellan, Lauren Silvis and Crystal Watson staked out four goal posts for recovery: Hospitals in the state must be able to safely treat all patients requiring hospitalization, without resorting to crisis standards of care; the state needs to be able to at least test everyone who has symptoms; the state is able to conduct monitoring of confirmed cases and contacts; and there must be a sustained reduction in cases for at least 14 days.
How can I help?
Charity Navigator, which evaluates charities using a numbers-based system, has a running list of nonprofits working in communities affected by the outbreak. You can give blood through the American Red Cross, and World Central Kitchen has stepped in to distribute meals in major cities. More than 30,000 coronavirus-related GoFundMe fund-raisers have started in the past few weeks. (The sheer number of fund-raisers means more of them are likely to fail to meet their goal, though.)
What should I do if I feel sick?
If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.
Should I wear a mask?
The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.
How do I get tested?
If you’re sick and you think you’ve been exposed to the new coronavirus, the C.D.C. recommends that you call your healthcare provider and explain your symptoms and fears. They will decide if you need to be tested. Keep in mind that there’s a chance — because of a lack of testing kits or because you’re asymptomatic, for instance — you won’t be able to get tested.
How does coronavirus spread?
It seems to spread very easily from person to person, especially in homes, hospitals and other confined spaces. The pathogen can be carried on tiny respiratory droplets that fall as they are coughed or sneezed out. It may also be transmitted when we touch a contaminated surface and then touch our face.
Is there a vaccine yet?
No. Clinical trials are underway in the United States, China and Europe. But American officials and pharmaceutical executives have said that a vaccine remains at least 12 to 18 months away.
What makes this outbreak so different?
Unlike the flu, there is no known treatment or vaccine, and little is known about this particular virus so far. It seems to be more lethal than the flu, but the numbers are still uncertain. And it hits the elderly and those with underlying conditions — not just those with respiratory diseases — particularly hard.
What if somebody in my family gets sick?
If the family member doesn’t need hospitalization and can be cared for at home, you should help him or her with basic needs and monitor the symptoms, while also keeping as much distance as possible, according to guidelines issued by the C.D.C. If there’s space, the sick family member should stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom. If masks are available, both the sick person and the caregiver should wear them when the caregiver enters the room. Make sure not to share any dishes or other household items and to regularly clean surfaces like counters, doorknobs, toilets and tables. Don’t forget to wash your hands frequently.
Should I stock up on groceries?
Plan two weeks of meals if possible. But people should not hoard food or supplies. Despite the empty shelves, the supply chain remains strong. And remember to wipe the handle of the grocery cart with a disinfecting wipe and wash your hands as soon as you get home.
Can I go to the park?
Yes, but make sure you keep six feet of distance between you and people who don’t live in your home. Even if you just hang out in a park, rather than go for a jog or a walk, getting some fresh air, and hopefully sunshine, is a good idea.
Should I pull my money from the markets?
That’s not a good idea. Even if you’re retired, having a balanced portfolio of stocks and bonds so that your money keeps up with inflation, or even grows, makes sense. But retirees may want to think about having enough cash set aside for a year’s worth of living expenses and big payments needed over the next five years.
What should I do with my 401(k)?
Watching your balance go up and down can be scary. You may be wondering if you should decrease your contributions — don’t! If your employer matches any part of your contributions, make sure you’re at least saving as much as you can to get that “free money.”
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